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Female and Male Sterlisation
Female and male sterilisation provide very effective protection against pregnancy but they do not offer FULL protection.
Female sterilisation involves cutting the fallopian tubes to prevent sperm to meet an egg. This usually happens under a general anaesthetic.
Male sterilisation involves cutting the vas deferens (tubes that carry sperm). It takes a few months for the sperm to disappear from the tubes so other contraceptive methods must be used during this time until semen tests show no signs of sperm.
Both sterilisation methods are permanent and cannot be reversed. They do not leave any short or long term side effects.